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Wortley, S., & Owusu-Bempah, A. (2011). The usual suspects: Police stop and search practices in Canada. Policing and Society, 21(4), 395-407.
This paper explores police stop and search activities in Canada using data from a 2007 survey of Toronto residents. The…Read more
Yunliang Meng. (2017). Profiling minorities: Police stop and search practices in Toronto, Canada. Human Geographies: Journal of Studies and Research in Human Geography, 11(1), 5-23.
This paper explores police stop and search practices in Toronto using the 2003-2012 data from Toronto Police Service. The findings…Read more
Ridgeway, G. (2009). Cincinnati Police Department traffic stops applying RAND’s framework to analyze racial disparities. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, Center on Quality Policing.
In 2002, the Cincinnati Police Department (CPD) joined with other agencies and organizations to improve police-community relations in the city.…Read more
This article looks at recorded Stop and Search activity in a southern English county from April 2003 to March 2006.…Read more
Miller, J. (2010). Stop and Search in England: A Reformed Tactic or Business as Usual? The British Journal of Criminology, 50(5), 954-974.
In 1999, the Stephen Lawrence Inquiry heavily criticized ethnic disparities in stop and search (‘disproportionality’), triggering a national reform effort…Read more
Lundman, R. (2010). Are police-reported driving while Black data a valid indicator of the race and ethnicity of the traffic law violators police stop? A negative answer with minor qualifications. Journal Of Criminal Justice, 38(1), 77-87
Are police-reported driving while Black data a valid indicator of the race and ethnicity of the drivers police stop? This…Read more
Hargreaves, J. (2018). Police Stop and Search Within British Muslim Communities: Evidence From the Crime Survey 2006–11. The British Journal of Criminology, 58(6), 1281-1302.
This article discusses police stop and search within British Muslim communities and reports the analysis of statistical data collected by…Read more