Country Overview

This document gathers together initial summaries of the legal grounds for police stops in European states. They briefly outline the law governing stops (including identity checks and traffic stops) and the ways that the law can be used. It further details any system for recording and making public information about the use of these powers and the ways in which citizens can challenge the use of the powers. We should note that this is an initial summary to enable us to begin our work as a COST Action and not a definitive statement. It is also a work in progress. For any corrections and suggestions, please contact us.

The full Report v.2019 can be downloaded here.


BELGIUM BELGIUM

BE_1.The legislative powers of the police to stop individuals

BE_2.The obligation to register stops

BE_3.Legislation procedures which protect citizens from police offences

BOSNIA and HERZEGOVINA

BA_1.The legislative powers of the police to stop individuals

BA_2.The obligation to register stops

BA_3.Legislation procedures which protect citizens from police offences

BULGARIA

BG_1.The legislative powers of the police to stop individuals

BG_2.The obligation to register stops

BG_3.Legislation procedures which protect citizens from police offences

CROATIA

HR_1.The legislative powers of the police to stop individuals

HR_2.The obligation to register stops

HR_3.Legislation procedures which protect citizens from police offences

Denmark

DK_1.The legislative powers of the police to stop individuals

DK_2.The obligation to register stops

DK_3.Legislation procedures which protect citizens from police offences

FINLAND

FI_1.The legislative powers of the police to stop individuals

FI_2.The obligation to register stops

FI_3.Legislation procedures which protect citizens from police offences

FRANCE

FR_1.The legislative powers of the police to stop individuals

FR_2.The obligation to register stops

FR_3.Legislation procedures which protect citizens from police offences

HUNGARY

HU_1.The legislative powers of the police to stop individuals

HU_2.The obligation to register stops

HU_3.Legislation procedures which protect citizens from police offences

IRELAND

IE_1.The legislative powers of the police to stop individuals

IE_2.The obligation to register stops

IE_3.Legislation procedures which protect citizens from police offences

ITALY

IT_1.The legislative powers of the police to stop individuals

IT_2.The obligation to register stops

IT_3.Legislation procedures which protect citizens from police offences

NORTH MACEDONIA

NM_1.The legislative powers of the police to stop individuals

NM_2.The obligation to register stops

NM_3.Legislation procedures which protect citizens from police offences

NORWAY

NO_1.The legislative powers of the police to stop individuals

NO_2.The obligation to register stops

NO_3.Legislation procedures which protect citizens from police offences

POLAND

PL_1.The legislative powers of the police to stop individuals

PL_2.The obligation to register stops

PL_3.Legislation procedures which protect citizens from police offences

PORTUGAL

PT_1.The legislative powers of the police to stop individuals

PT_2.The obligation to register stops

PT_3.Legislation procedures which protect citizens from police offences

ROMANIA

RO_1.The legislative powers of the police to stop individuals

RO_2.The obligation to register stops

RO_3.Legislation procedures which protect citizens from police offences

SLOVAKIA

SK_1.The legislative powers of the police to stop individuals

SK_2.The obligation to register stops

SK_3.Legislation procedures which protect citizens from police offences

SLOVENIA

SL_1.The legislative powers of the police to stop individuals

SL_2.The obligation to register stops

SL_3.Legislation procedures which protect citizens from police offences

SPAIN

ES_1.The legislative powers of the police to stop individuals

ES_2.The obligation to register stops

ES_3.Legislation procedures which protect citizens from police offences

UNITED KINGDOM

UK_1.ENGLAND & WALES

UK_2.SCOTLAND

UK_3.NORTHERN IRELAND