Focus suspect variables

Rosenfeld, R., Rojek, J., & Decker, S. (2012). Age matters: Race differences in police searches of young and older male drivers. Journal of research in crime and delinquency, 49(1), 31-55.

None given

Prior research on police searches of motorists has consistently found that Black drivers are more likely to be searched than…

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Constantinou, A. G. (2016). “Demystifying” the police: a participant observation study of police stops (and searches). International journal of comparative and applied criminal justice, 40(1), 79-99.

Cyprus, police discretion, Police Powers, suspicion, traffic stops

Police are empowered by law to stop and search vehicles and their occupants, once reasonable grounds for suspicion come into…

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