Keywords Criminology

Gelman, A., Fagan, J., & Kiss, A. (2007). An analysis of the New York City police department’s “stop-and-frisk” policy in the context of claims of racial bias. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 102(479), 813-823.

Criminology, hierarchical model, multilevel model, police stops, racial bias

Recent studies by police departments and researchers confirm that police stop racial and ethnic minority citizens more often than whites,…

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