Countries Finland

Saarikkomäki, Elsa (2018). Young people’s conceptions of trust and confidence in the crime control system: Differences between public and private policing. Criminology & Criminal Justice, 18, 156–172. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1748895817700695

 procedural justice, focus groups, police, private security guards, Trust, youth

Private security increasingly participates in policing, thus changing the field of policing. However, there is a lack of research on…

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Saarikkomäki, Elsa (2021). Etnisten vähemmistönuorten kokemukset virallisesta kontrollista ja leimasta. [Experiences of label and control among ethnic minority youths in Finland, Finnish Criminology Journal] Kriminologia, 1(1), 20–38. https://kriminologia.journal.fi/article/view/109018

criminological labeling theory, Ethnic profiling, police, private security, youth

Finland is characterised by the high levels of trust in the police. Recently though, discussions have been raised about ethnic…

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Schaap, D., & Saarikkomäki, E. (2022). Rethinking police procedural justice. Theoretical Criminology. https://doi.org/10.1177/13624806211056680

 procedural justice, Legitimacy, police, police-citizen relations, Trust

While procedural justice theory has become the dominant paradigm in thinking about police legitimacy, it has several important weaknesses. First,…

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Solhjell, R., Saarikkomäki, E. Haller, M.B., Wästerfors, D. & Kolind, T. (2018) “We are seen as a threat”: Police stops of young ethnic minorities in the Nordic countries. Critical Criminology, 1-15.

experiencing, intersectionality, minorities, police stops, youth

This article focuses on the perspectives of young ethnic minorities in the Nordic countries who have experienced various forms of…

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Saarikkomäki, E. (2017). Trust in public and private policing: Young people’s encounters with the police and private security guards. PhD thesis. University of Helsinki

 procedural justice, Labelling, police, private security, Trust, Young people

While general trust in the police is high in Finland, young people’s encounters with the police can be problematic. The…

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Kääriäinen, J. & Niemi, J. (2014). Distrust of the police in a Nordic Welfare State: Victimization, Discrimination, and Trust in the Police by Russian and Somali Minorities in Helsinki. Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice, 12(1), 4-24

 Finland,  Russians,  Somalis, minorities, police, Trust

This study focuses on trust in the police among Russian and Somali minorities living in Finland. Three hypotheses are tested:…

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Keskinen, S. P., Aminkeng Atabong, A., Himanen, M., Kivijärvi, A., Osazee, U., Rousku, V., & Pöyhölä, N. (2018). The Stopped-Ethnic profiling in Finland.

Ethnic profiling, police, private security border control, riacial profiling

This research examined ethnic profiling in Finland with a focus on its prevalence, forms and interpretations of (1) people who…

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