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Lichtenberg, I. D., & Smith, A. (2001). How dangerous are routine police–citizen traffic stops?: A research note. Journal of Criminal Justice, 29(5), 419-428.

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This note examined the danger of routine police–citizen traffic stops. The United States Supreme Court has assumed that traffic stops…

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Langton, L., & Durose, M. R. (2013). Police behavior during traffic and street stops, 2011. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics.

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The data in this report were drawn from the Bureau of Justice Statistics’ (BJS) 2011 Police-Public Contact Survey (PPCS), a…

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Epp, C. R., Maynard-Moody, S., & Haider-Markel, D. P. (2014). Pulled over: How police stops define race and citizenship. University of Chicago Press.

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In sheer numbers, no form of government control comes close to the police stop. Each year, twelve percent of drivers…

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Fagan, J., & Geller, A. (2015). Following the script: Narratives of suspicion in Terry stops in street policing. U. Chi. L. Rev., 82, 51.

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Regulation of Terry stops of pedestrians by police requires articulation of the reasonable and individualized bases of suspicion that motivate…

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Dixon, D. (2005). Why don’t the police stop crime? Australian And New Zealand Journal Of Criminology, 38(1), 4-24.

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Several answers to the question ‘Why don’t the police stop crime?’ are considered. Police do stop some crime, although increasingly…

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Delsol, R. (2011). Stop and search – renewed powers, less accountability? Criminal Justice Matters, 86(1), 20-21.

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Discussion of PACE 30 years after the Brixton Riots in the UK. Includes discussions of how stop and search has…

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