Rojek, J., Rosenfeld, R., & Decker, S. (2004). The influence of driver’s race on traffic stops in Missouri. Police Quarterly, 7(1), 126-147.
A small but growing body of research has produced several consistent findings regarding race and ethnic differences in traffic stops,…Read more
Sahin, N., Braga, A. A., Apel, R., & Brunson, R. K. (2017). The impact of procedurally-just policing on citizen perceptions of police during traffic stops: The Adana randomized controlled trial. Journal of quantitative criminology, 33(4), 701-726.
The process-based model of police legitimacy suggests, when police are perceived to make fair decisions and treat people with respect,…Read more
Gau, J. M. (2013). Consent searches as a threat to procedural justice and police legitimacy: An analysis of consent requests during traffic stops. Criminal justice policy review, 24(6), 759-777.
Consent searches during traffic stops offer police a way to expediently check motorists’ vehicles for contraband. Asking drivers for consent…Read more
Engel, R. S. (2005). Citizens’ perceptions of distributive and procedural injustice during traffic stops with police. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 42(4), 445-481.
This article examines the hypothesis that citizens' perceptions of injustice are based on normative factors (i.e., perceptions of equity and…Read more
Constantinou, A. G. (2016). “Demystifying” the police: a participant observation study of police stops (and searches). International journal of comparative and applied criminal justice, 40(1), 79-99.
Police are empowered by law to stop and search vehicles and their occupants, once reasonable grounds for suspicion come into…Read more