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Fabien Jobard et al. (2012). Measuring Appearance-Based Discrimination: an Analysis of Identity Checks in Paris. Population (Vol. 67), p. 423-451

discrimination, France, identity check, minorities, police, profiling

This article sets out the main results of a survey conducted by the Centre for Sociological Research on Law and…

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Wortley, S., & Owusu-Bempah, A. (2011). The usual suspects: Police stop and search practices in Canada. Policing and Society, 21(4), 395-407.

This paper explores police stop and search activities in Canada using data from a 2007 survey of Toronto residents. The…

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Yesufu, S. (2013). Discriminatory Use of Police Stop-and-Search Powers in London, UK. International Journal of Police Science & Management, 15(4), 281-293.

discrimination, police, prejudice, racism, stop and search

This paper has three purposes: first, to highlight the history of police abuses of power in relation to dealing with…

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Yunliang Meng. (2017). Profiling minorities: Police stop and search practices in Toronto, Canada. Human Geographies: Journal of Studies and Research in Human Geography, 11(1), 5-23.

Black youth, GIS, police stops, Toronto.

This paper explores police stop and search practices in Toronto using the 2003-2012 data from Toronto Police Service. The findings…

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Weisburd, D., Telep, C., & Lawton, B. (2014). Could Innovations in Policing have Contributed to the New York City Crime Drop even in a Period of Declining Police Strength?: The Case of Stop, Question and Frisk as a Hot Spots Policing Strategy. Justice Quarterly, 31(1), 129-153.

crime decline, hot spots policing, New York City, police innovation, question and frisk, stop

Available data make it impossible to reach strong conclusions about the role of policing in the New York crime decline.…

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Tiratelli, M., Quinton, P., & Bradford, B. (2018). Does Stop and Search Deter Crime? Evidence From Ten Years of London-wide Data. The British Journal of Criminology, 58(5), 1212-1231.

deterrence, policing, stop and search

In this article, we used ten years of police, crime and other data from London to investigate the potential effect…

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Tyler, T. R., Fagan, J., & Geller, A. (2014). Street stops and police legitimacy: Teachable moments in young urban men’s legal socialization. Journal of empirical legal studies, 11(4), 751-785.

None given

An examination of the influence of street stops on the legal socialization of young men showed an association between the…

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