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Fabien Jobard et al. (2012). Measuring Appearance-Based Discrimination: an Analysis of Identity Checks in Paris. Population (Vol. 67), p. 423-451
This article sets out the main results of a survey conducted by the Centre for Sociological Research on Law and…Read more
Oberwittler D., Roché S. (2018). Ethnic disparities in police-initiated contacts of adloscents and attitudes towards the police in France and Germany. In Oberwittler D., Roché S. (Eds.), Police-citizen relations across the world. Comparing sources and contexts of trust and legitimacy, Abingdon, Routledge, 73-107.
None. But: "Police initiated contact is a common experience for many adolescents in France and Germany, yet while police in…Read more
Yesufu, S. (2013). Discriminatory Use of Police Stop-and-Search Powers in London, UK. International Journal of Police Science & Management, 15(4), 281-293.
This paper has three purposes: first, to highlight the history of police abuses of power in relation to dealing with…Read more
Yunliang Meng. (2017). Profiling minorities: Police stop and search practices in Toronto, Canada. Human Geographies: Journal of Studies and Research in Human Geography, 11(1), 5-23.
This paper explores police stop and search practices in Toronto using the 2003-2012 data from Toronto Police Service. The findings…Read more
Wortley, S., & Owusu-Bempah, A. (2011). The usual suspects: Police stop and search practices in Canada. Policing and Society, 21(4), 395-407.
This paper explores police stop and search activities in Canada using data from a 2007 survey of Toronto residents. The…Read more
Tiratelli, M., Quinton, P., & Bradford, B. (2018). Does Stop and Search Deter Crime? Evidence From Ten Years of London-wide Data. The British Journal of Criminology, 58(5), 1212-1231.
In this article, we used ten years of police, crime and other data from London to investigate the potential effect…Read more
Tyler, T. R., Fagan, J., & Geller, A. (2014). Street stops and police legitimacy: Teachable moments in young urban men’s legal socialization. Journal of empirical legal studies, 11(4), 751-785.
An examination of the influence of street stops on the legal socialization of young men showed an association between the…Read more
Tyler, T. R., Jackson, J., & Mentovich, A. (2015). The consequences of being an object of suspicion: Potential pitfalls of proactive police contact. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, 12(4), 602-636.
During the latter half of the 20 century American policing became more professional (Skogan & Frydl, 2004) and the rate…Read more
Waddington, P., Stenson, K., & Don, D. (2004). In proportion – Race, and police stop and search. British Journal Of Criminology, 44(6), 889-914.
This article examines the view, expressed authoritatively in the Macpherson report (1999), that racial disproportionality in police stop and search…Read more