Defensor del Pueblo (2013). Recomendaciones a la Dirección General de la Policía contra los controles de identificación basados en perfiles raciales.

Published on 10/01/2020

Recommendations of the Spanish Ombudsman to the Directorate General of the Police so that, Circular 1/2010, of January 25, is modified, in order to correctly interpret the cases of “precautionary detention” and transfer to the police station of identified foreign citizens and also timely instructions are given in order to eradicate the police stops practice consisting of identification controls, based on ethnic and racial profiles.  

Constantinou, A. G. (2016). “Demystifying” the police: a participant observation study of police stops (and searches). International journal of comparative and applied criminal justice, 40(1), 79-99.

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Deuchar, R. (2010). ‘It’s Just Pure Harassment... As If It’s a Crime to Walk in the Street’: Anti-social Behaviour, Youth Justice and Citizenship — The Reality for Young Men in the East End of Glasgow. Youth Justice, 10(3), 258-274. doi:10.1177/1473225410381686

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