We study how the England and Wales Model (EWM) of police stop reforms was introduced into five Spanish police agencies. The model involves systems of monitoring and accountability using records or “forms” completed by officers during stop encounters, with a copy passed to the person stopped. The model was adapted to fit specific features of the Spanish context. This included a focus on police “identifications” (where identity documents were requested), a type of encounter not found in England and Wales. The Spanish reforms also placed emphasis on recording nationality, rather than ethnicity as used in England and Wales. The latter reflected different norms around recording ethnicity and limitations to available census data in Spain. Reforms were at least partially implemented in in all pilot agencies. However, there was variability in the extent to which communities were engaged, and only one agency adopted a strategic approach to using the data generated by stop forms. During the post-implementation period there were progressive reductions in overall rates of stops and searches and declines in the disproportionate stopping of minorities—suggesting possible reform effects—though there were no consistent improvements in stop effectiveness. Changes may have been related to specific mechanism triggered by reforms among police actors. These include frontline officers adopting a pragmatic response new administrative procedures, as well as managers’ analysis and application of stop data to strategically guide officer deployment. The research suggests that the EWM is a transportable police intervention that may contribute to favorable outcomes in the Spanish context.
We are delighted to announce a forthcoming Interlabo on Police, Public and Diversity: Complicated relations. The Interlabo is organised by…Read more
The Belgian TV programme Pano conducted an investigation into police brutality, by examining testimonies, talking to experts and joining a…Read more
Doctoral and Early Career Training School 'Researching the Experiences of Police Stops' - Call for Expressions of Interest
We are beginning to learn more about the practice of stops and searches conducted in public spaces by police officers.…Read more
An action research on the problematic practices and/or mechanisms of police district of Schaerbeek-Evere-St-Josse (PolBruNo). Carroll Tange and Sarah Van…Read more
COST Action COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) is a funding agency for research and innovation networks. Our Actions help connect research initiatives across Europe and enable scientists to grow their ideas by sharing them with their peers. This boosts their research, career and innovation.
Know more +