de Maillard, J., Hunold, D., Roché, S., & Oberwittler, D. (2018). Different styles of policing: discretionary power in street controls by the public police in France and Germany. Policing and society, 28(2), 175-188.
By analysing French and German police stop and search on the streets based on embedded observations in police patrols and…Read more
Cao, L. (2001). A Problem in no-Problem-Policing in Germany: Confidence in the Police Germany and USA. European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law & Criminal Justice, 9(3), 167–179. https://doi.org/10.1163/15718170120519390
This article compares the confidence toward the police in Germany, and in the U.S., and explores the differences in the…Read more
Barnum, C., & Perfetti, R. (2010). Race-Sensitive Choices by Police Officers in Traffic Stop Encounters. Police Quarterly, 13(2), 180-208.
This study introduces a statistical estimator that can be used to examine disproportionate traffic stop behavior of police officers. This…Read more
Like no other field of science critical criminology is predestined to analyze and criticize racial profiling. This paper identifies three…Read more
Blalock, G., DeVaro, J., Leventhal, S., & Simon, D. H. (2011). Gender bias in power relationships: evidence from police traffic stops. Applied Economics, 43(29), 4469-4485.
We test for the existence of gender bias in power relationships. Speci cally, we examine whether police offcers are less…Read more
Amnesty International (2018) ‘Je weet nooit met mensen zoals jij’: politiebeleid ter preventie van etnisch profileren in België. Brussel: Amnesty International.
In 2018 Amnesty International Belgium decided to do some research into ethnic profiling by interrogating police officers. 48 police officers…Read more
Amnesty International (2014) Racial/ethnic profiling: Positionspapier zu menschenrechtswidrigen personenkontrollen. Sektion der Bundesrepublik Deutschland e. V.
The report concerns the issue of racial profiling in Germany, namely those who supposedly "do not look like Germans" and…Read more
Ansel-Henry, A. J., Susanne Branner (2003). Konflikt på gadeplan. Når etnisk minoritetsungdom og politi mødes [street conflicts. When ethnic minorities meet]: 1-82. Center for ungdomsforskning, Roskilde Universitetscenter
The aim of this report is to illuminate the street-level meeting between young Danes with minority ethnic backgrounds and the…Read more