Keywords police

de Maillard, J., Hunold, D., Roché, S., & Oberwittler, D. (2018). Different styles of policing: discretionary power in street controls by the public police in France and Germany. Policing and society, 28(2), 175-188.

comparison, discrimination, police, proactive policing, stop and search, street policing

By analysing French and German police stop and search on the streets based on embedded observations in police patrols and…

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Cao, L. (2001). A Problem in no-Problem-Policing in Germany: Confidence in the Police Germany and USA. European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law & Criminal Justice, 9(3), 167–179. https://doi.org/10.1163/15718170120519390

comparative research, Germany, history, police, Trust, US

This article compares the confidence toward the police in Germany, and in the U.S., and explores the differences in the…

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Barnum, C., & Perfetti, R. (2010). Race-Sensitive Choices by Police Officers in Traffic Stop Encounters. Police Quarterly, 13(2), 180-208.

baseline, cognitive activity, cognitive bias, discrimination, disproportionality, disproportionate, minority, officer, police, race, racial, racial profiling, stereotyping, traffic analysis

This study introduces a statistical estimator that can be used to examine disproportionate traffic stop behavior of police officers. This…

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Belina, Bernd & Svenja Keitzel (2018): Racial Profiling. Kriminologisches Journal 50(1): 18-24.

Institutional racism, Justice, Law, police, racial profiling

Like no other field of science critical criminology is predestined to analyze and criticize racial profiling. This paper identifies three…

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Blalock, G., DeVaro, J., Leventhal, S., & Simon, D. H. (2011). Gender bias in power relationships: evidence from police traffic stops. Applied Economics, 43(29), 4469-4485.

bias, citations, Gender, police, power, tickets

We test for the existence of gender bias in power relationships. Speci cally, we examine whether police offcers are less…

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Amnesty International (2018) ‘Je weet nooit met mensen zoals jij’: politiebeleid ter preventie van etnisch profileren in België. Brussel: Amnesty International.

Ethnic/racial profiling, police, registration

In 2018 Amnesty International Belgium decided to do some research into ethnic profiling by interrogating police officers. 48 police officers…

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Amnesty International (2014) Racial/ethnic profiling: Positionspapier zu menschenrechtswidrigen personenkontrollen. Sektion der Bundesrepublik Deutschland e. V.

Ethnic/racial profiling, Institutional racism, Justice, Law, police

The report concerns the issue of racial profiling in Germany, namely those who supposedly "do not look like Germans" and…

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Ansel-Henry, A. J., Susanne Branner (2003). Konflikt på gadeplan. Når etnisk minoritetsungdom og politi mødes [street conflicts. When ethnic minorities meet]: 1-82. Center for ungdomsforskning, Roskilde Universitetscenter

conflict, ethnic minorities, police, street-level, Young people

The aim of this report is to illuminate the street-level meeting between young Danes with minority ethnic backgrounds and the…

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