Oberwittler D., Roché S. (2018). Ethnic disparities in police-initiated contacts of adloscents and attitudes towards the police in France and Germany. In Oberwittler D., Roché S. (Eds.), Police-citizen relations across the world. Comparing sources and contexts of trust and legitimacy, Abingdon, Routledge, 73-107.

Published on 10/01/2020

None. But: “Police initiated contact is a common experience for many adolescents in France and Germany, yet while police in the two German cities appear to maintain equal treatment of ethnic groups, the practice of S&S by French police is clearly biased against minority adolescents generally, and grossly disproprotionate to the largest minority group – Maghrebians – in particular” (p. 89).

Nicolas Jounin et al. (2015). Le faciès du contrôle. Contrôles d’identité, apparence et modes de vie des étudiant(e)s en Île-de-France. Déviance et Société (Vol. 39), p. 3-29

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Abreu, C. P. (2011). “Prisão Preventiva e Detenção - Mais do que o Acidental e Alterável, o Essencial e Imutável.” In: As Alterações de 2010 ao Código Penal e ao Código de Processo Penal. Coimbra: Coimbra Editora

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